Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat. His father was a dean of Rajkot. Her mother was a religious woman. He was called the father of the nation because of his important role in the struggle for independence and in the freedom of the country.
The title was first presented to him by Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. After passing his matriculation, Mahatma Gandhi went to England to study law there. He then began working as a lawyer He returned to India as a barrister and began working as a lawyer in Mumbai.
Mahatma Gandhi was summoned by an Indian friend to South Africa for legal advice. This is where his political career began. Arriving in South Africa, Gandhiji had a strange experience He saw how the Indians were being discriminated against.
Once Gandhiji was picked up from the train and thrown out because Gandhiji was traveling in first grade. Only senior leaders at the time had the right to travel in the first class.
From then on, Gandhi swore that he would fight for the black people and the Indians, and he launched a series of activities to improve the lives of Indians living there. During the movement in South Africa, he understood the importance of truth and non-violence.
When he returned to India, he saw the same situation here in South Africa. In 1920, he launched a non-cooperation movement and challenged the British In 1930, he founded the Salt Satyagraha movement and in 1942 called on the British to leave India.
He was jailed several times during the operation. Eventually, he succeeded and India became independent in 1947, but sadly, Nathuram Godse shot and killed Mahatma Gandhi on January 30, 1948, while he was on his way to pray in the evening.