What, Where ,How and When
NCERT (CBSE) solutions Class 6 Social Science History Book Chapter 1 Worksheet Extra Question with Answer
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| Textual Question with Their Answer|
Q.1 Match the Following
Indus and its tributaries
the First Big Kingdom
Hunting and Gathering
the First Cities
Cities About 2500 Years Ago
Q.2. List one major difference between manuscripts and inscriptions.
Ans. Handwritten book or a piece of literary work or material is called manuscript while writings engraved on pillars, rocks, copper or other metallic plates, etc are called inscriptions.
Q. 3. Return to Rasheeda’s question. Can you think of some answers to it?
(1) We can learn about past by studying history
(2) History will help us understand how this present evolved It will tell us about the past of the present.
Q. 4. Make a list of all the objects that archaeologists may find. Which of these could be made of stone ?
Ans. Archaeologists study the remains of buildings made of stones and bricks that have survived, paintings and sculptures. They find tools, wespuns pots, pans, ornaments and coins Some of them may be made of stone others out of bones, baked clay and metal
Q. 5. Why do you think ordinary men and women did not generally keep records of what they did ?
Ans. We think ordinary men and women did not generally keep records of what they did due to following reasons
(1) They did not know the art of writing in the beginning
(2) Even some of them were not literate even after the knowledge of the script.
(3) They were not having interest in such work.
(4) They do not know the importance of keeping records of the events. The lack of historical sense was mainly responsible for it.
Q 6. Describe at least two ways in which you think the lives of kings have been different from those of farmers.
Ans. (1) The kings used to live in palaces or big houses. The farmers used to live in huts or in very small houses.
(2) The kings were dependent for their food on farmers Farmers used to produce food for themselves and other people also
(3) The kings wear showy and costly clothes and ornaments Farmers wear simple and very cheap clothes
Q. 7. Find the crafts persons on page 1. List at least five different crafts persons and their products.
2 Tool Makers
10 Ornaments Makers
13 Traders Products
|Food collection such as seeds, roots and fruits|
Making of tools and objects used by men in food gathering stage of Stone Age
Hunting of wild animals.
Drawing of pictures of animals and hunting scenes in caves Taming (domesticating) of animals, tamed animals for food, milk and wool
Farming or cultivation and harvesting
Weaving of clothes.
Ornaments were made from shells and bones
Making of sculptures
Cutting of trees, making wooden articles
Exchanged surplus products for goods needed
Q. 8. What were the subjects on which books were written in the past? Which of these would you like to read?
Ans. Before paper was discovered scholars wrote on (1) dried leaves, (2) on the bark. of birch trees and (3) sometimes on copper (or metal) plates and stones. We will like to read Vedas, Ramayan, Mahabharat and Panchtantra.
|(a) Travelling (b) Manuscript (c) Inscription (d) Archaeology (e) Historian (f) Source|
a) Travelling. The early man was a nomad. He was always travelling from place to another in search of food. Travelling is very useful exercise to cover distance, for interaction and to get more knowledge about new areas and one persons.
(b) Manuscript. A book written by hand is called manuscript. This word (manuscript) comes, from the French word, ‘main’ meaning hand. Manuscript was usually written (in India during the Vedic Age and also later on) on palm leaf or on the specially prepared bark of a tree known as the birch, which grows in the Himalayas.
(c) Inscription. This is writing on relatively hard surfaces such as stone or metal. Sometimes rulers (kings or emperors) got their orders inscribed so that people could see, read and obey them.
(d) Archaeology. Archaeologists study the remains of buildings made of stones and bricks that have survived, paintings and sculptures. They also explore and excavate, dig under the surface of the earth to find tools, weapons, pots, pans, ornaments and coins). The work of an archaeologist is called archaeology or science of study of old and ancient remains etc.
(e) Historian. A scholar who studies the story of man’s progress and civilization in a systematic way is called historian. ✔) Source. Historians that is, scholars, who study the past, generally use the word source to refer to different types of evidences, drawn from manuscripts, inscriptions, coins and archaeology Once sources are found, learning about the past becomes an adventure, as we reconstruct it bit bit
(g) Decipherment. The act of deciphenng or to interpret hidden wntings, is called ‘decipherment’
|II. OTHER IMPORTANT QUESTIONS AND |
EXERCISES WITH THEIR ANSWERS KEYWORDS
Q. 1. Explain the following Key words:
(a) Gathering (b) Hunting (c) Growing crops (d) Reaning animals (e) Villages (f) Cities (9) Kingdom
(a) Gathering. It means collection of things or food materials. The early or stone age man knew the art of gathering.
(b) Hunting. The skill or art of killing animals. The stone age people hunted animals.
(c) Growing Crops. Man learnt the art of growing crops (wheat, barley, cotton seeds, rice etc.) in New Stone Age
(d) Rearing animals. People began rearing animals like sheep, goat and cattle about 8000 years ago.
(e) Villages. The people started living in villages after learning the art of farming Villages are smaller than towns and cities.
(f)Cities. Indians began living in cities first of all in Indus and its tributaries areas
(g) Kingdoms. Large states are called kingdoms. The area along the Ganga and its tributaries was called Magadha. It was the first most powerful kingdom of our country (i.e, India).
Q. 2. How can we know about the past ?
Ans. We can know about the past by studying history.
Q. 3. What can we know about the past?
Ans. We can know about the past by knowing several things For example, we can find out-what people ate, the kinds of clothes they wore, the houses in which they lived. We can find out about hunters, herdsmen, farmers, rulers, merchants, priests, crafts persons, artists, musicians and scientists. We can also find out the games children played, the stories they heard, the dramas (or plays) they saw or enjoyed, the songs they sang
Q. 4. Where did the early people live?
Ans. Early people lived along the banks of rivers or in forests or on top of the hills or in caves.
Q. 5. How did the people live in Stone Age ?
Ans. The way of life of the people in Stone Age :
- Some of the earliest people lived along the banks of rivers They were skilled gatherers. They knew about the vast wealth of plants in the surrounding forests, and collected roots, fruits and other forest produces for their food
- The people in Stone Age also hunted animals and birds. They used to catch fish also.
- Some of the areas where the people first began to grow crops such as wheat and barley about 8000 years ago are located in river-valley areas. They also began rearing animals like sheep, goat, dog, cow and other cattle.
Q. 6. Write the name of the region where rice was first of all grown in India?
Ans. The region where rice was first of all grown in India is to the North of the Vindhyas.
Q. 7. What do you mean by the term ‘tributaries’?
Ans. Tributaries are rivers that join a larger river
Q. 8. Match the contents of the following columns:
|Column A||Column B|
|(b) Father of History|
(a) The study of past
(d) Period for which we have no written records
(c) Study of inscriptions
(f)The study of remains of past
(e) The way or farm in which language is written
Q. 9. When did the early cities develop in India?
Ans. About 4700 years ago some of the earliest cities (Harappa, Mohenjodaro, Lothal. Chun-hu-daro, Rupar Banwali, Kalibangam. Surkotada etc 1 flourished on the banks of the Indus and its tributaries And other early cities developed on the banks of the Ganga and its tributaries and along the coasts, about 2500 years ago
Q. 10. What do you know about Magadha ?
Name the first largest Indian empire. Write two-three sentences about it.
Ans. Magadha was the first largest empire of India. The area along some of the i important rivers of the Northern India and to the south of the Ganga was known as Magadha. Its rulers were very powerful (Bimbisar Ajatshatru and Udabhadra) They set up a large kingdom. (Some smaller kingdoms were set up in other parts of the country as well)
Q. 11. Name the countries that form South Asia.
Ans. India, Pakistan, Bangladesh. Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka. Afghanistan Iran. China and Myanmar etc form South Asia
Q. 12. Why is South Asia called a subcontinent ?
Ans. South Asia is called a subcontinent because, although it is smaller than a continent, it is very large and is separated from the rest of Asia by seas, hills and mountains
Q. 13. The people of India shared their ideas since the earliest days” Explain in brief.
- The people of India travelled from one part of the subcontinent to another The hills and high mountains including the Himalayas, deserts, rivers and seas made journeys dangerous at time, but never impossible
- The people of the Indian subcontinent moved in search of livelihood as also to escape from natural calamities (such as flood, drought, earthquake epidemici
- Sometimes men marched in armies, conquering others land.
- Merchants travelled with caravans or ships carrying valuable goods from place. to place
- Religious teachers walked from village to village, town to town, stopping to offer instruction and advice on the way Finally some people perhaps travelled driven by a spirit of adventure. All these led to the sharing of ideas among the Indians
Q.14. How did our country get its names?
Ans. Names of our country.
1 Two of the words we generally use for our country are India and Bharat. The word India comes from the Indus called Sindhu in Sanskrit.
2 The Iranians and the Greeks who came through the northwest about 2500 years ago, were familiar with the Indus, called it the Hindos or the Indos. The land to the east of the river (i.e, the Indus) called India.
- The name Bharat was used by a group of people who lived in the northwest, and who are mentioned in the Rigveda, the earliest composition in Sanskrit (dated to about 3500 years ago). Later, it was used for the country
Q. 15. Explain the following things or terms in short.
(a) BC (b) AD (c) CE (d) BCE (e) Senpt (f)Language (g)Decipherment
Ans. (a) BC. The letters BC means Before Christ Dates are generally counted (ie, the day, the month and the years) or assigned to the birth of Jesus Christ, the founder of Christianity So 2000 BC means 2000 years before the birth of Jesus) Christ. All dates before the birth of Jesus Christ are counted backwards and generally have the letter BC (Before Christ) added on.
(b) AD. We sometimes find AD before dates. This stands for two Latin words, “Anno Domini” and mean in the year of the lord (te, Jesus Christ). For example 2005 can also be written as AD 2005 (c) CE. Sometimes, CE is used instead of AD. The letters CE stand for Common Era’
(d) BCE. Sometimes BCE is used instead of BC The letters BCE stand for Before Common Era’ We use these terms because the Christian Era is now used in the most countries of the world
(e) Script. Way or style of writing of a language is called a script. It consists of letters or signs For example. Devnagri is script of Hindi.
(f)Language. When we read what is written, or speak, we use a language. It is a media of expression through speak or through write.
(g) Decipherment. Languages which are used, as well as ways of writing (scripts) have changed since then So how do scholars understand what was written ? This can be done through a process known as decipherment.
Q. 16. Write important historical events against the following important dates:
(1) 8,000 years ago.
(2) 4,700 years ago
(3) 2,500 years ago
(4) 2,000 AD/CE
|Important Dates||Important Events|
|(1) 8,000 years ago|
(2) 4.700 years ago
(3) 2,500 years ago
(4) About 2,000 AD/CE
|The beginning of agriculture|
The first cities on the Indus
Cities in the Ganga Valley, a big kingdom in Magadha was formed The present (age).
Q. 17. Distinguish between historical and pre-historical periods.
Ans. The period for which we have written records is called historical age or period, while the period for which we have no written records is called pre-historical age or period.
Q. 18. Define in brief the word ‘Epigraphy’.
Ans. Study of inscriptions is called Epigraphy
Q. 19. Name two main groups (or categories) of historical sources.
Ans. (1) Archaeological sources (for example physical remains inscriptions, coins, etc.).
(2) Literary sources (such as religious books, manuscripts, foreign, travellers accounts etc.)
Q. 20. Write true or false against the following sentences :
- History will help you understand how this present evolved. It will tell you about the past of the present.
- We can live easily without use of fire.
- History in a sense is an adventure. It is a journey across time and space
Ans. I True, 2. False. 3 True.