Mrs. Indira Gandhi will always be remembered as the first woman Prime Minister of India. His name will be in golden letters in the political history of India. She is the pride of women society of the whole world.
Indira Gandhi was born on November 21, 1917. His father was Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India and his mother was Kamala Nehru.
She was the only daughter of her parents. The Nehru family is closely associated with the freedom struggle of India. Mahatma Gandhi was the originator of the freedom movement and Jawaharlal was his trusted disciple.
Leaders of the freedom movement used to gather at Anand Bhawan, the permanent residence of the Nehru family. That is why since childhood, Indira Gandhi was influenced by those eminent leaders.
Indira Gandhi had her early education in Switzerland. After the tragic demise of her mother she returned to India and studied at Shantiniketan. After some time, he joined Oxford University in England.
But before completing her studies, she came to India and joined the freedom movement. In 1941 she married Feroze Gandhi against her father’s wishes.
But Mahatma Gandhi approved it. In 1942, Gandhiji started the Quit India Movement. Indira Gandhi joined the same and was imprisoned. India got independence on 15 August 1947.
Jawaharlal became the first Prime Minister of independent India. Indira always stayed with her father and learned a lot about politics. He traveled to many countries with his father and acquired a lot of knowledge about foreign governments and peoples.
Gradually politics occupied more time in his life. In 1959 she became the President of the Congress Party. In 1960 he had to face a great tragedy. Her husband Feroze Gandhi died prematurely. But Indira Gandhi was not a woman to be subdued. He devoted himself completely to the affairs of the nation.
Jawaharlal died in 1964. Lal Bahadur Shastri became the Prime Minister of India. Became a minister in Indira Gandhi Shastri’s cabinet. After Shastri’s death in 1966, Indira Gandhi became the Prime Minister of India.
After losing an election case in 1975, she declared emergency and remained in power. During the Emergency there was widespread abuse of power by his son Sanjay Gandhi and the officials. So people got angry. She lost the election in 1977.
Then Janata Dal came to power Morarji Desai was the Prime Minister from 1977 to 1980. The Congress party came to power in the 1980 general election and Indira Gandhi again became the Prime Minister. Indira Gandhi made many reforms in the economic and political fields of the country.
Bank nationalization, abolition of privileges and privy purses of former kings were some of them. He won the Indo-Pak war in 1971 and liberated Bangladesh from Pakistan. He signed the historic Simla Agreement with Pakistan to solve the Kashmir problem. There was terrorism in Punjab at the behest of Pakistan.
Indira Gandhi ordered Operation Blue Star to free the Golden Temple from the clutches of terrorists. The operation was successful. But the Sikhs got angry with him. One of his Sikh bodyguards shot and killed him at his residence on 31 October 1984.
President V.V. Mountain. The nation will always remember his achievements and sacrifices.