We celebrate Teacher’s Day on 5th September every year. It is S Radhakrishnan’s birthday. He was one of the greatest philosophers of India as well as the whole world.
He made Indian philosophy accessible to Westerners through his enlightened lectures and learned books. As a result, Indian philosophy was included for study in European and American universities.
Radhakrishnan was born on September 5, 1888 in Tirutani. He was the second son of a poor Brahmin couple. His father’s name was Sarvepalli Veeraswami and mother’s name was Sitamma.
Radhakrishnan had his early education in Tirutani and higher education at the Lutheran Mission School in Tirupati. Both these places are famous pilgrimage centers of South India.
Then he joined Voorhi College in Vellore, 60 km from Chennai (Madras). At the age of 17, he joined the Madras Christian College. He did his B.A. He chose philosophy and logic. and MA studies. Your M.A. For the examination, he wrote a thesis titled “The Ethics of the Vedanta”. It was highly appreciated by the then professor.
Darshan Dr. A.G. Hog. That thesis was rated well enough to be published as a book. He was only 20 years old when the book was published under his name. Radhakrishnan wanted to go to Oxford University for further studies.
But financial constraints prevented him from going abroad. MA with Very High Specification Radhakrishnan began his teaching career as an assistant lecturer at Madras Presidency College in 1909, after taking his degree.
He then thoroughly read the classics of Indian thought, the Upanishads, the Bhagavad Gita, texts from Buddhism and Jain philosophy, as well as the Brahmasutras. Side by side he also specialized in Western Philosophy.
His mastery of Plato, Plotinus, Kant, Bradley and Bergson was remarkable. He also read a lot of novels, plays and poems by famous English writers.
He also turned to the study of Marxism, existentialism and contemporary trends in poetry and art in his later years. Steady, a slender, eye-catching figure with a large head, broad forehead, slanted nose, a long, pale yellow coat, a white turban and immaculately flowing white dhoti became familiar in the academic world. In 1918, Radhakrishnan was selected as Professor of Philosophy by the University of Mysore.
He was then invited by Sir Ashutosh Mukherjee as Professor of Philosophy at the University of Calcutta. Later he also headed the Department of Comparative Religions at Oxford. In 1931 he was elected the Vice-Chancellor of Andhra University.
In 1939 he was requested to serve as the Vice-Chancellor of Banaras Hindu University so that its problems could be rectified. Everyone thought that Radhakrishnan would remain a scholar till the end of his life. But destiny had other plans. In 1949, Dr. Radhakrishnan was elected India’s first envoy to the Soviet Union.
Everyone felt that Nehru had made a mistake. But to everyone’s surprise, Iron Man Stalin was quietly fascinated by a brilliant philosopher. Meanwhile, Radhakrishnan met Gandhiji. They had friendly conversations on many subjects. radhakrishnan
He also had links with several other top Congress leaders. Everyone appreciated his talent and honesty. In 1952, Radhakrishnan became the Vice President of India, after two terms as Vice President, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was elected the second President of the Republic of India in 1962, serving as President from 1962–1967. In 1967, Dr. Zakir Hussain succeeded him as the next President. Radhakrishnan was awarded the Bharat Ratna for his outstanding service to the nation. He has written many valuable books.
His Indian philosophy is a classic. Apart from this his interpretation on Gita is also worth noting. He never rested till his death. He was given many awards of honor by many countries. It is to be noted that he never ran after the prizes, the prizes ran after him. He died on April 17, 1975.